the verbal quibbling in which great minds, for want of better occupation, frequently expended all their energies.
Pike, Luke Owen, M.A. "Woman and Political Power." Popular Science May 1872. Google Books Web. 29 Apr. 2014.
Was he talking about metaphysical arguments from the middle ages, or YouTube comments?
A summary of the article "Science and Immortality", by Rev. T. W. Fowle, Popular Science May 1872.
Modern science affects belief in two ways:
- Believers in science require proof from observable facts alone.
- Believers in science are biased against any supernatural explanation.
Four common arguments for belief in immortality:
- It is an "original intuition", meaning we were created with the belief.
- It is a universal belief.
- It follows necessarily from the existence of God.
- It is essential as a motive for morality.
- It could have arisen after creation, and must have if Evolution is true as many men of science believe.
- It is not universally believed. Moses made no indication of believing in an afterlife, Buddha believed that eternity was non-existence, Julius Caesar believed in no-afterlife enough to consider death too good for his enemies.
- To a man of science demanding proof, the idea of God is just an attempt to explain our past which we don't understand, and immortality is likewise an attempt to explain our future.
- Buddhists are moral, and immortality is not their motive. Pharaoh believed in immortality, and yet the resulting behavior was immoral. So it is neither necessary nor sufficient for morality.
It would be sufficient proof for life after death if a man were resurrected. Jesus was resurrected, and would be sufficient proof if the account were believed. Those who testified to the Resurrection may have been mistaken, but there is no reason to assume them to be liars. They were multiple men, who were able to see something amazing and miraculous and describe it in a sober and measured manner. We take historical testimony as factual all the time and rely upon it to be true. The only reason anyone doubts the testimony of the apostles is that it requires a supernatural element. When the miraculous is involved, then a certain turn of mind will simply assume that any testimony is always mistaken.
There is the Religious and, for lack of a better word, the "Rational," at war within each of us, and we tend to one side or the other. Do we dwell on the present natural world or on hopes for the future? The rise of scientific thinking will cause doubts about the supernatural, but it will also help clear away erroneous dogmas. The bias to one side or the other will be created and sustained by moral means. Each side, religious and scientific, has moral value to offer.
There is no intellectual shortcut to the Christian faith; we cannot logically or scientifically prove the way to Christ (and here are my favorite quotes from this article: You can’t win by shouting). The conclusion is to live as Christ taught, and so win by faith what we cannot by force.
...denunciations of moral turpitude only harden the hearts of men who ask for the bread of evidence and receive stones in the shape of insults.
...all attempts on the part of religion to confute the "skeptic" by purely intellectual methods are worse than useless. There is no intellectual short cut to the Christian faith.... It is not because men love the truth, but because they hate their enemies, that in things religious they desire to have what they call an overwhelming preponderance of argument on their side of the question, the possession of which enables them to treat their opponents as knaves or fools or both.
Fowle, Rev. T. W. "Science and Immortality." Popular Science May 1872. Google Books Web. 26 Apr. 2014.
Minds in which the conceptions of social actions are thus rudimentary, are also minds ready to harbor wild hopes of benefits to be achieved by administrative agencies. In each such mind there seems to be the unexpressed postulate that every evil in a society admits of cure; and that the cure lies within the reach of law.
[A superstitious conciousness] may even wonder how any being can reverence a thing shaped with his own hands; and yet it readily entertains subtler forms of the same feelings.... there is a tacit supposition that a government moulded by themselves has some efficiency beyond that naturally possessed by a certain group of citizens subsidized by the rest of the citizens.
...the instinct of self-preservation in each institution soon becomes dominant over every thing else; and maintains it when it performs some quite other function that that intended, or no function at all.
Spencer, Herbert. "The Study of Sociology." Popular Science May 1872. Google Books Web. 26 Apr. 2014.
For when you want to add times greater than 839 hours.
CREATE FUNCTION ADDTIME_OLD(d datetime, t varchar(12))
d + INTERVAL SUBSTRING_INDEX(t, ':', 1) HOUR,
CONCAT(IF(LEFT(t, 1) = '-', '-', ''), '00:', SUBSTRING_INDEX(t, ':', -2))
(Almost the same. I'm not going to figure out how to do the "you can use any delimiter you want" that MySQL supports.)
"mysqldump requires at least the SELECT privilege for dumped tables, SHOW VIEW for dumped views, TRIGGER for dumped triggers, and LOCK TABLES if the --single-transaction option is not used. Certain options might require other privileges as noted in the option descriptions."
mysql -e "select * from test.t where d < '2013-07-17 17:00:00'" +---------------------+ | d | +---------------------+ | 2013-07-17 15:34:19 | +---------------------+ mysqldump -t --compact test t --where="d < '2013-07-17 17:00:00'" (no output)
Where's my line?
From Freenode: how do you generate a five number summary in MySQL? There is no "median" aggregate function built in. You could do some clever things involving self joins or temporary tables, or build an aggregate UDF - see the comments section in the manual for those approaches.
Here's another way using a single query. Be sure to set group_concat_max_len high enough for your data, and since it relies on string manipulation, it's probably not a good choice if your data is millions of rows.
First, a helper function to get the Nth element of a comma-delimited string, just to make the query shorter:
CREATE FUNCTION LIST_ELEM(inString text, pos int) RETURNS TEXT DETERMINISTIC RETURN SUBSTRING_INDEX(SUBSTRING_INDEX(inString, ',', pos), ',', -1);
Now, fetching the min, max, median, and first and third quartiles (computing method 2) for each group:
SELECT groupId, GROUP_CONCAT(data ORDER BY data) AS dataSet, MIN(data) AS min, ( LIST_ELEM(GROUP_CONCAT(data ORDER BY data), CEIL(COUNT(*)/4)) + LIST_ELEM(GROUP_CONCAT(data ORDER BY data), FLOOR(COUNT(*)/4 + 1)) ) / 2 AS q1, ( LIST_ELEM(GROUP_CONCAT(data ORDER BY data), CEIL(COUNT(*)/2)) + LIST_ELEM(GROUP_CONCAT(data ORDER BY data), FLOOR(COUNT(*)/2 + 1)) ) / 2 AS median, ( LIST_ELEM(GROUP_CONCAT(data ORDER BY data DESC), CEIL(COUNT(*)/4)) + LIST_ELEM(GROUP_CONCAT(data ORDER BY data DESC), FLOOR(COUNT(*)/4 + 1)) ) / 2 AS q3, MAX(data) AS max FROM t GROUP BY groupId;
+---------+---------------------+------+------+--------+------+------+ | groupId | dataSet | min | q1 | median | q3 | max | +---------+---------------------+------+------+--------+------+------+ | 1 | 0,0,1,2,13,27,61,63 | 0 | 0.5 | 7.5 | 44 | 63 | | 2 | 0,0,1,2,25 | 0 | 0 | 1 | 2 | 25 | +---------+---------------------+------+------+--------+------+------+
It came up twice in two days: if you do not specify the user name when connecting, what gets picked?
The manual says:
"On Unix, most MySQL clients by default try to log in using the current Unix user name as the MySQL user name, but that is for convenience only."
"The default user name is ODBC on Windows or your Unix login name on Unix."
Let's be a little more specific. The relevant section of code is in libmysql/libmysql.c
On Linux, we check the following in this order:
- if (geteuid() == 0), user is "root"
- environment variables $USER, $LOGNAME, $LOGIN
If none of those return non-NULL results, use "UNKNOWN_USER"
- environment variable $USER
If that's not set, use "ODBC".
I wondered why on Windows we check $USER but not $USERNAME. I gather that it's an ODBC thing.
Define a user like this:
GRANT ALL ON *.* TO 'myuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'super$ecret';
Then try a PHP script like this:
mysqli_connect("localhost", "myuser", "super$ecret");
What happens and why? How could you avoid it?
And for glory, what single line could you add that would prevent the error, without making any changes to the mysqli_connect line?